The Bologna Process is a commitment by European countries to reform their higher education systems to achieve convergence, towards the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). One of the tools to ensure harmonisation and comparability of the degree is the qualifications framework (QF). It is meant to facilitate international transparency, recognition and mobility. The frameworks are national (NQF), fitting in a meta framework (the QF-EHEA) by applying the European Standard Guidelines (ESG) for quality assurance (QA). The QF-EHEA is organised in three cycles, based on learning outcomes (LO). Each cycle is composed of a number of ECTS.
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