In Colombia, Act 30 of 1992 stipulates that those who seek to form an institution of higher learning must demonstrate the capacity to accomplish the mandated tasks and to assure that those persons in charge of instruction have recognized and suitable ethical, academic, scientific, and pedagogic abilities. This law also provides that the Ministry of National Education, after previous approval from the National Council for Higher Education (CESU), has exclusive powers to award, or rescind, official recognition of said institutions. Recognized institutions of higher education that wish to develop and offer academic programs must have them undergo an evaluation process that is in line with the System for Quality Assurance. The process has two stages. The first, labeled Qualified Registry is compulsory. It establishes that the minimum conditions have been met and authorizes that the programs begin operating. The second stage is accreditation. This is a voluntary process for institutions and academic programs that, according to the results of an external evaluation, gives proof of the high quality of their service.