Israel’s youngest research university, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev was founded in 1969, its purpose: to be a driving force in the development of the Negev, a desert area comprising 60% of the country. BGU was inspired by the vision of lsrael’s first Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, who believed that Israel’s scientific future lay in this region. Today BGU is a vibrant center for research and teaching, with 20,000 students in five faculties – Engineering, Health, Natural Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Management; and the School of Advanced Graduate Studies. It also includes the Institutes for Desert Research, the National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, and the Ben-Gurion Research Center and Archives. BGU has campuses in Beer-Sheva, in Sede Boker, the desert community 50 kilometers south of Beer-Sheva, and in Eilat. In 2007 BGU took a strategic decision to establish an “Office of International Academic Affairs” (OIAA), to be responsible for coordination of mobility matters and develop all aspects of internationalisation.