Robert Wagenaar is Director of the International Tuning Academy of the University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Until recently he was director of Undergraduate and Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Groningen, being responsible for 15 bachelor and some 35 master programmes. He is also coordinator and director of the Erasmus Mundus Master Course of Excellence Euroculture: Europe in the Wider World. Furthermore, he is a member of the Dutch group of experts for the development of the European Higher Education Area. Since 2000 he has coordinated – together with Julia Gonzalez (University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain) – Tuning Educational Structures, which started as a project to develop international reference points or benchmarks for subject areas as well as an innovative methodology for (re)designing, delivery and enhancing (trans)national student centred degree programmes in the framework of the European Higher Education Area, which has developed into a global process during the last decade.