Dr Olivier Cardin is currently assistant professor in the University of Nantes, where he teaches robotics, discrete-event simulation and automated production. He received his PhD in automatic control from the University of Nantes in 2007. He is also member of the LS2N-CNRS, Nantes, France. His research interests are in the area of production activity control of flexible and agile manufacturing systems. He is a co-chairman of workgroup IMS² ‘‘Intelligent Manufacturing Systems and Services’’ in the CNRS French research group MACS.